oldpway.info Details of:
The "1905 REA Standardization of Permanent Way Rail Joints Drawings" are 53 watercoloured drawings from the 1905 Railway Engineers' Association report, Ross_1905, by A Ross, on "Standardization of Permanent Way Rail Joints". This was the first report prepared for the REA committee that had been set up on 27 January 1905 to consider standardization of permanent way rail joints. The report was prepared by the chairman of the committee, Alexander Ross, and was sent to the other members of the committee on 2 June 1905.
The drawings show
the joints, fishplates and chairs in use by many British railway companies in 1905.
They also show some joints being used experimentally and joints suggested by inventors.
There is a lot of useful information on drawing 2,
which is a summary of the design details of the joints used by the companies who contributed to the report.
In 1904, the Engineering Standards Committee (ESC) of the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) had designed the first standard British sections for bull-head railway rails. The ESC became the British Engineering Standards Association (in 1918) and then the British Standards Institution (in 1931). Drawing 52 of the REA report shows the designs for fishplates and fishbolts for 85lbs "BS" to 100lbs "BS" rails that the ESC had suggested in May 1904 to suit the new British Standard ("BS") rails.
The drawings accompany a written report, Ross_1905 (Details of report), which details the initial findings of the committee, including comments on rail joints from the companies consulted, a summary of the findings, defects of current joints, suggested improvements and conclusions.
Most of the drawings on oldpway are mid-resolution scans made from the colour photographs of the BR ER CCE PWDO copy of the drawings, taken in 1974, as detailed in Ross_1905 details. Drawings 1 to 21 were taken in electric lighting and have a blue colour bias; the other drawings were taken in sunlight and show true colours. The remainder of the drawings on oldpway (which have file names ending "_nrm") are high-resolution scans made by the NRM from their copy of the drawings (NRM library book E3/86X). The NRM scan colours are true.
These drawings are free to copy and use
within the terms and conditions of Open Government Licence version 3.0.
Please credit oldpway as the source.
For the purposes of copyright, the drawings are "artistic works", previously unpublished, of the form "graphic work", with "unknown authorship". The "author" is the draughtsman who drew the original drawings. For most drawings the author is unknown and unknowable, but some drawings bear the initials of a draughtsman (e.g. the North Eastern Railway drawings were drawn by "W.J.N.") which might enable the author to be identified, though no names are currently known.
All the drawings were drawn by draughtsmen working in railway drawing offices, in the course of the duties for which they were employed. The work was done at the request of Chief Engineers, some of whom were members of the REA. The drawings were then sent to Alexander Ross at the GNR drawing offices and were compiled into books of drawings that were sent out as REA documents.
In this situation the original copyright belonged not to the REA but to the railway company at which the drawing was made, who was the employer. The copyright ownership passed through successive railway companies to British Railways Board (Residuary) Ltd., and is now assigned to the Crown.
The drawings will remain in copyright until 31 Dec 2039 (or until 70 years after the death of the draughtsman if known), but they are now public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence version 3.0 (OGL v3.0). They are used on the oldpway website within the terms and conditions of OGL v3.0 and can be used by anyone else within the terms and conditions of OGL v3.0. OGL v3.0 is on-line on the National Archives website at http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3/, with a copy of OGL v3.0 on oldpway at copyright/OGL_v3_0.pdf. The report is also subject to OGL v3.0, as explained in Details of Ross_1905.
The files are pdf format. They have not had the scaling factors adjusted, so when viewed at 100% size, they are not the size of the published drawings. The original size of most drawings is 20" wide by 14" high. Most drawings include rulers at the sides to show the original sizes. The scans are currently without borders and labels and without adjusting rotation. They are each about 1MB in size. Borders, labels, rotation adjustment and scaling adjustment will be done when time permits. The drawings include very small details that are best viewed at 200% size. Drawings 40 and 43 include some details that are hard to read and are clarified within the list below.
Prints scaled to fit A4 are mostly usable, but A3 is better, and larger prints or zoomed in screen viewing are needed to read small details and dimensions.
The following table is a duplicate of the list on the oldpway drawings page.
It details all the drawings, gives links to view them on-line, and includes the rail weights in lbs per yard.
All the rails are bull head except on the Midland Great Western Railway of Ireland drawing 50 which is flat bottomed (FB).
The un-numbered and unlisted drawing, showing Burt, Boulton and Haywood's patent joint, is only in the NRM copy. It was probably not included in the set of drawings circulated to the committee. It is listed here between drawings 17 and 18.
|1||1905jt_d01_drawings_list||View||List of drawings.|
|2||1905jt_d02_dimensions||View||Summary table of Dimensions from all drawings.
[From BRER CCE PWDO]
|2||1905jt_d02_dimensions_nrm||View||Summary table of Dimensions from all drawings.
|3||1905jt_d03_GCR||View||96lbs||Great Central Railway. Details of Permanent Way.|
|4||1905jt_d04_GER||View||95lbs||Great Eastern Railway. Details of Joint and Fastenings for 95lbs Bullheaded Steel rails.|
|5||1905jt_d05_GNR_80lbs_1875||View||80lbs||Great Northern Railway. Deep fishplate for 80lb rail 1875.|
|6||1905jt_d06_GNR_82lbs_1887||View||82lbs||Great Northern Railway. Joint in 82lbs GN rail 1887.|
|7||1905jt_d07_GNR_85lbs_1892||View||85lbs||Great Northern Railway. Joint in 85lbs rail 1892.|
|8||1905jt_d08_GNR_96lbs_1903||View||96lbs||Great Northern Railway. Joint in 96lbs rail 1903.|
|9||1905jt_d09_GNR_BS_1906||View||95 & 100lbs||Great Northern Railway. Joint proposed in 95 or 100lbs BS rail 1906.|
|10||1905jt_d10_GNR_from_1860||View||72 to 100lbs||Great Northern Railway. Types of fishplates in general use since 1860.|
|11||1905jt_d11_inventors||View||Index of joints put forward by inventors.|
|12||1905jt_d12_Hart||View||95lbs||Hart’s Patent Joint for 95lbs rail.|
|13||1905jt_d13_Stossfangchienne||View||85lbs||Patent Fishrail "Stossfangchienne" for 85lbs GN rail 1898.|
|14||1905jt_d14_Wright||View||85lbs||Wright’s patent joint for 85lbs GN rail.|
|15||1905jt_d15_GNR_BS_angle||View||95lbs||GNR Suggested angle fishplate for 95lbs BS rail.|
|16||1905jt_d16_Bonzano_95lbs||View||95lbs||Bonzano’s Patent joint for 95lbs BS rail.|
|17||1905jt_d17_Bonzano_100lbs||View||100lbs||Bonzano joint adapted to a 100lbs Bullheaded BS section rail.|
|--||1905jt_dxx_burt_boulton_haywood_nrm||View||85lbs||Burt, Boulton & Haywood's Patent Rail Joint 1905.|
|18||1905jt_d18_GWR||View||97½lbs||Great Western Railway. Details of Permanent way for main lines. Bull head steel rail section 00. 97½lbs/yd.
[From BRER CCE PWDO]
|18||1905jt_d18_GWR_nrm||View||97½lbs||Great Western Railway. Details of Permanent way for main lines. Bull head steel rail section 00. 97½lbs/yd.
|19||1905jt_d19_HBR_nrm||View||88lbs||Hull & Barnsley Railway. Permanent way rail joint.|
|20||1905jt_d20_LYR_old_86lbs||View||86lbs||Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway. Details of permanent way rail joints now in use for 86lbs rail.|
|21||1905jt_d21_LYR_new_86lbs||View||86lbs||Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway. Details of permanent way rail joints intended to be used for 86lbs rail.|
|22||1905jt_d22_LYR_95lbs||View||95lbs||Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway. Details of permanent way rail joints for 95lbs rail.|
|23||1905jt_d23_Holme||View||Holme, Hart and Watson’s Patent rail joint.|
|24||1905jt_d24_LNWR_1905||View||95lbs||London & North Western Railway. Details of Permanent way 1905. BS section of rail. 95lbs/yard.|
|25||1905jt_d25_LNWR_from_1853||View||London & North Western Railway. Types of fishplates in general use since 1853.|
|26||1905jt_d26_LSWR_90lbs||View||90lbs||London & South Western Railway. Joint for 90lbs BH Rails.|
|27||1905jt_d27_LSWR_90lbs_bridge||View||90lbs||London & South Western Railway. Bridge Fishplates for 90lbs rails.|
|28||1905jt_d28_LBSCR||View||95lbs||London, Brighton & South Coast Railway. Details of permanent way.|
|29||1905jt_d29_LTSR||View||80lbs||London, Tilbury & Southend Railway. Permanent way standard rail joint.|
|30||1905jt_d30_MR_100lbs||View||100lbs||Midland Railway. Permanent Way, 100lbs pattern.|
|31||1905jt_d31_MR_100lbs_BS||View||100lbs||Midland Railway. Joint as proposed BS Section 100.|
|32||1905jt_d32_NER_std_nrm||View||90lbs||North Eastern Railway. Standard Rail Joint and Fastenings.|
|33||1905jt_d33_NER_exp_supported_nrm||View||90lbs||North Eastern Railway. Experimental Supported Rail Joint.|
|34||1905jt_d34_NER_exp_chair_nrm||View||North Eastern Railway. Experimental rail Joints with Special Chair.|
|35||1905jt_d35_NSR||View||90lbs||North Staffordshire Railway. Permanent way rail joint.|
|36||1905jt_d36_SECR_SE||View||91¼lbs||South Eastern & Chatham Railway. Details of Permanent way for main lines. South Eastern Section.|
|37||1905jt_d37_SECR_C||View||85½lbs||South Eastern & Chatham Railway. Details of Permanent way for main lines. Chatham Section.|
|38||1905jt_d38_CalR||View||90lbs||Caledonian Railway. Permanent Way. Standard Joint for 90lb rail.|
|39||1905jt_d39_GSWR||View||90lbs||Glasgow and South Western Railway. Details of rail joint.|
|40||1905jt_d40_GNSR||View||90lbs||Great North of Scotland Railway. Permanent way rail joint.
Clarification: the notes on the fishplate are:
<-------- 4½" -------->
1" diam. hole in plate
1" sq. hole in other plate
|41||1905jt_d41_HR_standard||View||90lbs||The Highland Railway Company. Standard Rail joint.|
|42||1905jt_d42_HR_supported||View||90lbs||The Highland Railway Company. Supported Rail joint.|
|43||1905jt_d43_NBR||View||92lbs||North British Railway. Drawing of Permanent way.
On the "end of rail" elevation, the note says "Holes at end of rails to be drilled oval".
The chair bottom is recessed.
Note by spike says "Corner to be rounded".
Spike diameters from top to bottom are 11/2", 11/16", 15/16", 15/16", 3/4".
A pencilled note says that the sleeper centres scale 2’ – 6".
|44||1905jt_d44_NBR_specials||View||North British Railway. Drawing of special joint chairs.|
|45||1905jt_d45_NBR_special||View||North British Railway. Drawing of special joint-chair.|
|46||1905jt_d46_GNRI_Mills_B||View||90lbs||Great Northern Railway (Ireland). 90lbs steel bullhead permanent way. Mills’s system B of strengthening rail joints with longditudinal timber.|
|47||1905jt_d47_GNRI_Mills_A||View||90lbs||Great Northern Railway (Ireland). 90lbs steel bullhead permanent way. Mills’s system A of strengthening rail joints with longditudinal timbers.|
|48||1905jt_d48_GNRI||View||90lbs||Great Northern Railway (Ireland). 90lbs steel bullhead permanent way.|
|49||1905jt_d49_GSWRI||View||87lbs||Great Southern & Western Railway (Ireland). 87lb BH permanent way.|
|50||1905jt_d50_MGWRI||View||95lbs FB||Midland Great Western Railway of Ireland. Joint in 95lbs Flange rail.|
|51||1905jt_d51_MRNCC||View||83lbs||Midland Railway Northern Counties Committee. Standard Bullheaded rail joint.|
|52||1905jt_d52_BS_joint||View||85, 90, 95 & 100lbs||Engineering Standards Committee. Fishplates and Fishbolts for 85lbs "BS" to 100lbs "BS" rails.
Suggested May 1904.
[From BRER CCE PWDO]
|52||1905jt_d52_BS_joint_nrm||View||85, 90, 95 & 100lbs||Engineering Standards Committee. Fishplates and Fishbolts for 85lbs "BS" to 100lbs "BS" rails.
Suggested May 1904.